A condition where a woman does not menstruate.
A condition in which a woman doesn’t ovulate or ovulates rarely.
Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART)
The general term for infertility procedures (involving both egg and sperm) such as IVF, GIFT, ZIFT, and ICSI.
When a man has no sperm present in his semen.
Mucus produced by the cervix that increases in quantity as ovulation approaches.
Cryo-embryo transfer / Frozen embryo transfer (CET or FET)
Cryo-conservation is a safe method of freezing and preserving embryos in special cryo-containers using liquid nitrogen at -196 ºC. This is a step taken to postpone motherhood or to preserve embryos before radiation or chemotherapy. This extremely fast freezing method, called vitrification, preserves the embryo’s tissue and they can remain frozen for as long as needed.
Cryo-conservation is followed by cryo-embryo transfer, which is the painless transfer of a heathy unfrozen embryo into the uterine cavity by an experienced physician.
Eggs that are taken from a fertile woman, fertilized, and implanted in another woman.
When an embryo implants outside the uterus.
Some women can have difficulty producing healthy oocytes. In the past, this was an insurmountable obstacle, but today the problem can be solved relatively easily thanks to modern infertility treatments and egg donation. The donated egg is fertilized in vitro and the embryo is then transferred to the perspective mother.
There are various legal regulations governing egg donation and it’s always important to learn the valid laws in a given country. Egg donation can be anonymous (where the identity of the egg donor is unknown) or non-anonymous (where the child from such an egg has the right to learn about the identity of the donor).
A painful condition in which tissue from the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) grows outside the uterus.