IVF Terminology is Confusing and Intimidating - Let Us Help You Better Understand

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E

The tissue lining the inside of the uterus.


F

Two hollow tubes on either side of the uterus where the egg and sperm meet to begin the process of fertilization.

This treatment helps preserve fertility by collecting either women’s eggs or male sperm and then freezing it for future use. The fact is that many men and women delay starting a family, but this delay often then causes complications om natural conception. From a biological point of view, the quality and number of eggs that are available declines as women become older. Fertility starts to decline in women once they reach the age of about 35. The probability of giving birth to a healthy baby falls to below 5% once a woman is past 40. This is why preserving your fertility, or as it is commonly known as “social freezing” helps men, but especially women. This therapy is also offered to both male and female patients who have faced illness and need to freeze their eggs or sperm before invasive treatment. It is very common for cancer patients to freeze their reproductive material before chemical or biological therapy.

A group of cells forming a cavity in the ovary where the egg grows before it’s released during ovulation.

A hormone produced in the pituitary gland that causes cells in the ovaries to grow. It is sold under the name Follistim, Fertinex, and Gonal-F.


H

An X-ray that involves injecting dye through the cervix into the uterus to determine if the fallopian tubes are open and the uterine cavity is normal.

A procedure in which a thin, telescope-like instrument is inserted through the cervix into the uterus, allowing the doctor to see and photograph the area and correct problems if needed.


I

An assisted reproductive technique that involves removing sperm and eggs, fertilizing them in a laboratory, then placing a fertilized egg in the uterus.

Typically defined as an inability to become pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse.

A laboratory procedure in which sperm and eggs are retrieved from both partners. A single sperm is injected directly into an egg and the fertilized egg is then implanted into the woman’s uterus.

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